By Elizabeth A. Cowper
This textbook is meant to offer scholars a short commence in utilizing concept to deal with syntactic questions. At each one degree, Cowper is cautious to introduce a theoretical gear that's not more advanced than is needed to house the phenomenon into consideration. complete and updated, this available quantity also will offer a superb refresher for linguists returning to the learn of Government-Binding theory". Cowper indicates the analytical units of present principles-and-parameters techniques, takes readers conscientiously in the course of the important parts of grammatical thought (including very contemporary work), and ushers them selectively into the technical literature. . . . a major creation in the event you need to know the nuts and bolts of syntactic idea and to determine why linguists are so excited those days". -David Lightfoot, college of Maryland "An first-class brief creation to the govt and Binding version of syntactic concept. . . . Cowper's paintings succeeds in instructing syntactic argumentation and in displaying the conceptual purposes in the back of particular proposals in glossy syntactic theory". -Jaklin Kornfilt, Syracuse college
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Additional resources for A Concise Introduction to Syntactic Theory: The Government-Binding Approach
Transitive: ii. Intransitive: Nouns i. Transitive: ii. 5 Rule Schemata The two variables introduced in the previous section make it possible to state in general terms exactly what types of phrase structure rules are possible. 1. 1 The Major Rule Schema (85) x (C 1) . . (C j ) x n/n - 1 (C j+ 1) . . (C k)' where C j is a maximal phrase category. n ~ This schema allows only one type of non-head material, namely maximal phrase categories. Notice also that this rule schema allows the head, in a particular expansion, to have the same number of bars as the node dominating it.
13) a. b. *She ran into. *He cut the bread with. However, consider the following sentences. (14) (15) a. b. c. a. b. c. He turned the lamp on. She put the book down. Sue sent the report over. He turned the lamp on its side. She put the book down the garbage disposal. Sue sent the report over the back fence. There is a class of words which have traditionally been called particles. Some of these are shown in (14). In most cases, these words also belong to the class of prepositions, as shown in (15).
This is necessary to account for data like (86), which were discussed earlier in this chapter. (86) *1 met the king of France and Joe met the one of Spain. a. b. c. I met the man with red hair and Trish met the one with the wig. We arrested the man with red hair in apartment 30, not the one in the penthouse. In (86b), the prepositional phrases with red hair and with the wig are sisters of N' , since one occurs with them. But (86c) shows that with red hair must be dominated by N' , since one is interpreted as the man with red hair.
A Concise Introduction to Syntactic Theory: The Government-Binding Approach by Elizabeth A. Cowper