By M. Houngnikpo
Matt Houngnikpo examines how family clash, monetary stagnation, political instability, poverty, and underdevelopment have plagued Africa for many years. He argues reversal of the political, monetary, and social plight of Africa lies in greater rules, stable governance, and, extra importantly, a brand new kind of African chief and citizen.
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Multiple billion humans around the globe nonetheless dwell in acute poverty and the earth's inhabitants is probably going to double within the subsequent 40 years. accordingly, way more monetary improvement should be required so that it will in attaining appropriate minimum criteria of residing for everybody. even if, within the try to enhance residing criteria, little realization has been paid to the unwanted effects of monetary improvement at the atmosphere.
The panorama of international relief is altering. New improvement actors are at the upward push, from the 'emerging' economies to various deepest foundations and philanthropists. whilst the character of the worldwide poverty 'problem' has additionally replaced: many of the world's terrible humans not stay within the poorest nations.
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However, their departure was only replaced with two successive generations of leaders. The very first generation of postindependence African leaders was too concerned with self-determination or independence to realize the type of freedom it was being given. African nationalists who took over sought state power as a means of transferring control of political office and economic resources from foreigners to Africans. ”24 Following Nkrumah’s famous exhortation to “Seek political freedom first and the rest shall follow,”25 African leaders bet on independence to solve their continent’s problems.
55 A rekindling of civil society and the military’s positive contribution brought democracy back to Africa. After the successful national conference that triggered a peaceful political transition in Benin, several other African countries followed suit with more or less success. Although the initial enthusiasm and euphoria about the A SYNOPSIS OF AFRICA’S PLIGHT 33 transition from authoritarianism or totalitarianism toward multiparty politics have now given way to more nuanced assessments, the hope is that the worst is over, and democracy will allow Africans to finally live their overdue dream of having a decent life.
Unfortunately, African leaders show no dexterity in mastering international politics, displaying, instead, an astonishing naiveté. Conclusion After decades of independence, a glance at the continent reveals a land of degradation and humiliation and a betrayal of the sense of pride that came with decolonization. Now, this sense of pride has vanished, and Africans must account for decades of political, economic, and social failure. The last decade of the twentieth century opened up with a great deal of relief and hope.
Africa's Elusive Quest for Development by M. Houngnikpo