By Robert Holzmann
Inhabitants getting older is anticipated to impact the functionality of economic markets in built and rising economies at a time while ever extra nations are hoping on funded provisions for previous age source of revenue aid. This learn investigates the demanding situations confronted by means of those former transition nations within the context of overseas event from the OECD and Latin the United States. The overarching end of this examine is that those demanding situations may be addressed yet addressing them would require made up our minds coverage activities to accomplish monetary marketplace improvement and to advertise monetary literacy via schooling.
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Extra info for Aging Population, Pension Funds, and Financial Markets: Regional Perspectives and Global Challenges for Central, Eastern and Southern Europe (Directions in Development)
Overall, the EBRD’s transition indicators align closely with the readiness assessment discussed in the previous section, with the possible exception of Hungary, where the EBRD’s transition indicators are perhaps less critical. 67 1998 Source: EBRD 2007. Note: Bold type indicates countries that introduced a funded pension pillar. 00 1998 Source: EBRD 2007. Note: Bold type indicates countries that introduced a funded pension pillar. 00 2007 Financial Systems in CESE Countries 35 countries with comparable levels of income, as is indicated by traditional measures such as domestic credit to the private sector and stock market capitalization (as a share of GDP).
0 denotes that an indicator meets the standards of an industrial market economy. 4). 0 by the late 1990s, while three more—Croatia, the Czech Republic, and Estonia—had achieved this score by 2004 or 2005, and a fifth, Latvia, by 2007. 0 or more: Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and Ukraine. 0. In most countries, progress in the nonbank financial sector lagged that in the banking sector by up to one full point. Countries that introduced a funded pension pillar (bold type in the tables) typically scored higher in both the banking sector and the nonbank financial sector than countries that did not, with the exception of the Czech Republic and Slovenia.
4 Schemes 29 Readiness Indicator Scores, Four CESE Countries with Voluntary Pension normalized total score (percent) 100 90 4/1 80 5/3 5/2 70 7/1 60 50 Czech Republic Romania Serbia Slovenia X = total “red” indicators Y = total “red” indicators in highly important areas Source: Authors’ estimates (see the appendix). Note: CESE, Central, Eastern, and Southern Europe. The countries shown are those CESE countries that had voluntary pension schemes in 2006. “Red” means an unsatisfactory score on an indicator.
Aging Population, Pension Funds, and Financial Markets: Regional Perspectives and Global Challenges for Central, Eastern and Southern Europe (Directions in Development) by Robert Holzmann