By Eliot Goldfinger
From the writer of the vintage Human Anatomy for Artists comes this trouble-free reference consultant that includes over unique drawings and over seventy photographs.
Designed for painters, sculptors, and illustrators who use animal imagery of their paintings, Animal Anatomy for Artists bargains thorough, in-depth information regarding the main usually depicted animals, offered in a logical and simply understood structure for artists—whether newbie or complete expert. The ebook specializes in the varieties created through muscular tissues and bones, giving artists a vital three-d figuring out of the ultimate, complicated outer floor of the animal. Goldfinger not just covers the anatomy of the extra universal animals, similar to the pony, puppy, cat, cow, pig, squirrel, and rabbit, but in addition the anatomy of diverse wild species, together with the lion, giraffe, deer, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, elephant, gorilla, sea lion, and undergo. incorporated are drawings of skeletons and the way they stream on the joints, person muscular tissues exhibiting their attachments at the skeleton, muscle groups of the whole animal, move sections, photos of stay animals, and silhouettes of comparable animals evaluating their shapes and proportions. He bargains a brand new and cutting edge part at the uncomplicated physique plan of four-legged animals, giving the reader a very important conceptual figuring out of total animal constitution to which the main points of person animals can then be utilized. The bankruptcy on birds covers the skeleton, muscle tissue and feather styles. The appendix provides pictures of skulls with excellent horns and antlers and a bit on significant floor veins.
Incredibly thorough, full of crucial details, Animal Anatomy for Artists is a definitive reference paintings, a necessary ebook for everybody who depicts animals of their paintings.
Read or Download Animal Anatomy for Artists: The Elements of Form PDF
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Additional resources for Animal Anatomy for Artists: The Elements of Form
Origin: Lower end of the side of the first neck vertebra. Feline: Also from the base of the skull. • Insertion: Lower end (excluding the tip) of the spine of the shoulder blade, and the surface of the deltoid. The origin and insertion are often reversed in the dog and the feline when the shoulder is considered the more fixed point of attachment. 46 INDIVIDUAL MUSCLES » NECK Brachiocephalicus (Mastoido-humeralis, Cephalo-humeral) pectoralis descendens. The brachiocephalicus lies in front of the The brachiocephalicus ("arm-to-head" muscle) is a long, wide, straplike omotransversarius, which used to be considered part of the brachio- muscle that passes from the head and neck down to the front of the elbow cephalicus, and was called the cleidocervicalis.
The platysma of the dog is quite wide; it begins on the midline OX on the back of the upper neck and inserts into the corner of the mouth. • Origin: Upper part: From the edge of the top of the cartilage of the The platysma of the feline is the widest and most developed of the snout (in the front of the nasal bone and just behind the nostril). Lower species described here. It remains wide at its inserting end on the part: Along the edge of the forwardmost projecting bone of the upper side of the face where it attaches to several facial muscles, yet, as in jaw (incisivus bone) and the adjacent cartilage.
When a body is active, one muscle group will usually be contracting and become defined on the surface, while the antagonist tends to be relaxed and less defined, or even sag. Some muscles (and muscle groups) cross only one joint and perform a single action (brachialis). Other muscles cross two or more joints, and can, for example, flex one joint and extend the other (biceps brachii). The next section, on individual muscles, shows each of the muscles that create or influence surface form. For each of these muscles, an illustration shows where it begins on the skeleton (usually at the less mobile bone), called the origin, and where it ends (usually at the more mobile bone), termed the insertion.
Animal Anatomy for Artists: The Elements of Form by Eliot Goldfinger