By Florent Perek
The argument constitution of verbs, outlined because the a part of grammar that bargains with how individuals in verbal occasions are expressed in clauses, is a classical subject in linguistics that has obtained enormous awareness within the literature. This booklet investigates argument constitution in English from a usage-based standpoint, taking the view that the cognitive illustration of grammar is formed via language use, and that the most important features of grammatical association are tied to the frequency with which phrases and syntactic buildings are used. at the foundation of a number of case reviews combining quantitative corpus experiences and psycholinguistic experiments, it really is proven how a usage-based technique sheds new mild on a few matters in argument attention and provides frequency-based factors for its organizing rules at 3 degrees of generality: verbs, buildings, and argument constitution alternations.
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Additional info for Argument Structure in Usage-Based Construction Grammar: Experimental and corpus-based perspectives
Instead, the target in the conventionalized categorization corresponds to what previously was the augmented target generated by the partial recognition of the original sense of kick as a causedmotion verb in former usage events. , through elaboration, and not extension, of the verb slot in the construction). This means that for the caused-motion use of kick, the mapping of form to meaning has changed from a situation in which the construction conveys caused motion and the verb conveys the means whereby caused motion occurs, to one in which both verb and construction convey caused motion.
C. d. e. f. Terry swept. Terry swept the floor. Terry swept the leaves into the corner. Terry swept the leaves into a pile. Terry swept the leaves off the sidewalk. Terry swept the floor clean. â•‡ Usage-based perspectives on verb valency As many researchers have observed, multiple argument realization appears to be the rule rather than the exception (at least in many languages including English). If syntactic realization is to be predicted in a deterministic way from a verb’s semantic representation, then how is multiple argument realization accounted for?
Usage-based perspectives on verb valency categorization (labeled T). 8, the lexical entry of kick instantiates the verb slot of the construction, but there is a conflict in the semantic specifications of the target and the standard of categorization. In the former, the motion of the landmark is a mere implicature and is not profiled,8 whereas in the latter, motion necessarily occurs and is profiled. Hence, the relation between the two is one of extension rather than elaboration; following Langacker’s notation, this is indicated by a dashed arrow pointing from the constructional slot to the verb.
Argument Structure in Usage-Based Construction Grammar: Experimental and corpus-based perspectives by Florent Perek