By Jayashree Nadahalli
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Extra info for Aspects of Kannada grammar
In all examples of this type – two coverbs and a single verb – one coverb modifies the other. Many languages, such as Marra, do not allow more than one coverb per clause. Coindexation constructions permit the major predicate functions to appear in sequential orders other than that specified in (). ’ (Alamblak – Bruce : ) In (), the BE (sick) predicate precedes the BECOME (BE (AT dead)) predicate. Coindexation constructions also permit simultaneous Complex predicate formation 37 temporal relations between all the major predicate functions.
It does not occur independently, unlike all the other finite verbs. Slave classificatory verbs (Rice: –) action by poking (with stick, hand) action by hand action by foot controlled Ø-kwi, Ø-ge non-controlled Ø-ka controlled h-nih non-controlled Ø-tsi controlled Ø-ʔéh non-controlled Ø-táh b. The stance verbs constitute half of the inventory of intransitive finite verbs, as opposed to being absolutely or effectively absent. c. The inventory of transitives is matched by an inventory of formally unrelated detransitives, as opposed to detransitivisation being marked by standard morphological or syntactic structures.
Levin, B. and Rappaport Hovav, M. . Argument Realization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Li, C. and Thompson, S. . Mandarin Chinese: A Functional Reference Grammar. Berkeley: University of California Press. Lord, C. . Historical Change in Serial Verb Constructions [Typological Studies in Language, vol. ]. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Matthews, S. and Yip, V. . Cantonese: A Comprehensive Grammar. London/ New York: Routledge. Megerdoomian, K. . Event Structure and Complex Predicates in Persian.
Aspects of Kannada grammar by Jayashree Nadahalli