By David Benjamin Levy
Beethoven's 9th Symphony, a masterpiece that has motivated virutally each Western composer seeing that its preferable, has turn into linked to the marking of momentous public events. In 1989, chinese language scholars performed its finale via loudspeakers in Tiananmen sq., and Leonard Bernstein led a functionality in Berlin to have a good time the razing of the Berlin Wall. This vigorous and up to date booklet makes a speciality of Beethoven's 9th, exploring the cultural and musical meanings that encompass this robust paintings of genius. David B. Levy units the scene with a short survey of nineteenth-century Germanic tradition and society, then analyzes the 9th Symphony intimately, with unique emphasis at the recognized choral finale. He discusses the preliminary performances in 1824 less than Beethoven's path and lines the symphony's serious reception and legacy. within the ultimate bankruptcy of the publication, Levy examines interpretations of the paintings via popular conductors, together with Wagner, Mahler, and Weingartner. an absolutely annotated discography of chosen recordings completes this accomplished quantity.
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Extra resources for Beethoven: The Ninth Symphony (Yale Music Masterworks)
And Winter, p. ≤∞≠). April/May ∞∫≤≥ Work on first, second, and third movements. (Artaria ≤≠∑/∑, representing parallel work to what is found in Landsberg ∫/∞ and ≤, and the preparation of the autograph). May ∞∫≤≥–June ∞∫≤∂ Final sketches for second, third, and fourth movements (Landsberg ∫/≤, Landsberg ∞≤, A∑≠, and SBH ∏π∏, Rolland [pocket sketchbook now housed in BH], Aut. ∫/∞ and Aut. ∫/≤ [pocket sketchbooks in BJ, Kraków], Artaria ≤≠∑/∂, pp. ≥π–∂∂; Brandenburg, pp. ∞≤≤–∞≤Ω, Winter, pp.
Bodmer, SBH Nr. ∑∏Ω]. This fragment had been presented to H. Phillips of London by Ignaz Moscheles in ∞∫∂∏. The Bibliothèque Nationale (BN) in Paris [Ms. ∂≥] possesses an insert for the instrumental introduction to the Turkish March in the finale (mm. ≥∂≥–≥π∂). Next in importance as a source for the text of the Ninth Symphony is the publisher’s copy (Stichvorlage). This source was used for the engraving of the first edition and was, until its recent auction, housed in the archives of B. Schott Söhne in Mainz.
But for these missing measures, one can follow along a performance of the Ninth from the Peters facsimile. The reader of the facsimile will discern that the autograph contains certain discrepancies from published editions of the work. One also will notice that even at this late stage in the genesis of the work, Beethoven was still unsettled about certain tempos, pitches, meters, and orchestrations. Beethoven resolved these issues by the time the other primary sources were prepared, although several inconsistencies may be found when comparing the various sources.
Beethoven: The Ninth Symphony (Yale Music Masterworks) by David Benjamin Levy