By P. K Anokhin

ISBN-10: 0080171605

ISBN-13: 9780080171609

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Extra resources for Biology and neurophysiology of the conditioned reflex and its role in adaptive behavior

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A) Growth of tanycytic processes results in the ensheathment of gonadotropin-releasing hormone synaptic terminals (ST), preventing gonadotropin-releasing hormone release in the blood flow to the adenohypohysis. (B) Retraction of tanycytic processes during the preovulatory stage of the estrus cycle, allows the contact of gonadotropin-releasing hormone terminals with portal capillaries and the release of gonadotropin-releasing hormone to the blood flow. , 2007). , 2002). , 1992). Transforming growth factor α released by astrocytes may act on tanycytes located in the arcuate nucleus and the median eminence.

Furthermore, chronic osmotic stimulation increases the frequency of spontaneous excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic currents in magnocellular supraoptic neurons, an effect that is probably due to increased numbers of release sites. Moreover, chronic dehydration induces a marked enhancement of the facilitatory effect of norepinephrine on glutamate release and an inhibitory effect on GABA release (Di and Tasker, 2004). , 2006b). As has been mentioned already, the morphological and functional remodeling associated with magnocellular neuronal stimulation is accompanied by gross morphological alterations in astroglia.

2004). , 2003). Endothelial cells may also express molecules that regulate its interactions with GnRH terminals.

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Biology and neurophysiology of the conditioned reflex and its role in adaptive behavior by P. K Anokhin


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