By Nessar Ahmed; et al
Biology of Disease describes the biology of some of the human problems and ailment which are encountered in a medical environment. it's designed for first and moment yr scholars in biomedical technological know-how courses and also will be a powerful reference for well-being technological know-how pros in addition to being beneficial to scholars starting clinical university. actual instances are used to demonstrate the significance of biology in knowing the explanations of illnesses, in addition to in prognosis and treatment.
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Extra resources for Biology of disease
Predisposing factors Conditions or situations that make an individual more susceptible to disease: they include age, sex, heredity and environmental factors. Premalignant This refers to clinical conditions that increase the risk of the patient developing a malignant tumor. Prevalence The prevalence of a disease refers to the proportion of people in a population affected at a specific time. Primary immunodeﬁciency diseases (PID) Clinical conditions that result from a genetic defect leading to a failure of one or more components of the immune system (see also secondary immunodeﬁciencies).
Neoplastic diseases are characterized by the uncontrolled and abnormal growth of cells. These cells form benign or malignant tumors (Chapter 17). Malignant neoplasms are a major cause of death in many developed countries. Moreover, their incidence is increasing as people live longer. W^dad\nd[Y^hZVhZ EPIDEMIOLOGY OF DISEASE Traumatic diseases are caused by physical injury and include mechanical trauma, extremes of heat or cold, electrical shock and radiation. Apart from the obvious problems caused by extensive damage to tissues, traumatic diseases may render an individual more prone to infection by compromizing the immune system (Chapter 4).
Virilism The development in females of inappropriate male characteristics, for example hirsutism, increased muscle mass, deepening of the voice and male psychological characteristics. Virulence factors Features of pathogens that allow them to cause infectious diseases. Vitamers A term applied to a group of closely related compounds that all posses the activity of the named vitamin. Vomiting or emesis The forced expulsion of food from the stomach (and sometimes duodenum) through the esophagus and mouth.
Biology of disease by Nessar Ahmed; et al