By Victor Golla
Nowhere used to be the linguistic range of the recent global extra severe than in California, the place a rare number of village-dwelling peoples spoke seventy-eight together unintelligible languages. This finished illustrated guide, a huge synthesis of greater than one hundred fifty years of documentation and learn, studies what we now find out about California's indigenous languages. Victor Golla outlines the elemental structural good points of greater than dozen language varieties, and cites all of the significant resources, either released and unpublished, for the documentation of those languages--from the earliest vocabularies gathered by means of explorers and missionaries, to the knowledge accrued throughout the twentieth-century by way of Alfred Kroeber and his colleagues, and to the extreme paintings of John P. Harrington and C. Hart Merriam. Golla additionally devotes chapters to the function of language in reconstructing prehistory, and to the intertwining of the language and tradition in pre-contact California societies, making this paintings, the 1st of its variety, an important reference on California's striking Indian languages.
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Extra info for California Indian Languages
3. Tin'linne. Stephen Powers. Tule River Reservation. ") *4. King's River. Adam Johnston. (Johnston 1854) *5. Coconoons. Adam Johnston. (Johnston 1854) *6. Calaveras [County]. Alexander S. Taylor. Rancheria Ta-kin near Dent's Ferry of the Stanislaus, 1856. (A. Taylor 1856) Mai 'du family (586-600) 1. Kon 'kaw. Stephen Powers. Round Valley Reservation, November 1875. ") 2. Hol-o'-la-pai. Stephen Powers. Feather River, a little below Oroville, 1872. 3. Na'-kum. Stephen Powers. Susanville, October 1875.
Ka'-rok. Stephen Powers. Scotts's Bar, 1872. ") 2. Arra-arra. Lieutenant George Crook. (Crook 1852-1861) 3. Arra-arra. George Gibbs. 1852. (Gibbs 1852-1853) 4. Peh'-tsik. Lieutenant Edward Ross. Red Cap's Bar, Upper Klamath. *5. Eh-nek. George Gibbs. (Gibbs 1853b) Yu '-rok family ( 460-473) 1. Al-i-kwa. George Gibbs. Weitchpec, 1852. (Gibbs 1852) *2. Al-i-kwa. George Gibbs. Weitchpec, 1851. (Gibbs 1853b) 3. Klamath, or Sa-ag-its. Thomas F. Azpell. Hoopa, 1870. (Azpell1870) 4. Yu'rok. Stephen Powers.
FAGES'S VOCABULARY OF OBISPENO CHUMASH* Finally, I will put here in alphabetical order more than seventy Indian words, the meaning of which I understand very well; I learned them among the natives of the mission of San Luis and twenty leagues round about there. They are as follows: Anejueso [Anajuesu] iron. A buckle, and anything made of Ascamaps [Ascamape] Asnudo [Asnunc] Astu To eat. Nesmono Boy. The fingers. Nipu What is it called? Nistapi Paach or Mauch Salt. Petit or Pitsmu Let us go for seeds.
California Indian Languages by Victor Golla