By Phoevos Panagiotidis
Offering a unique idea of components of speech, this ebook discusses categorization from a methodological and theoretical aspect a view. It attracts on discoveries and insights from a couple of methods - typology, cognitive grammar, notional techniques, and generative grammar - and offers a generative, feature-based concept. construction on up to date study and the newest findings and ideas in categorization and word-building, Panagiotidis combines the primacy of specific gains with a syntactic categorization procedure, addressing the basic, yet frequently ignored, questions in grammatical thought. Designed for graduate scholars and researchers learning grammar and syntax, this ebook is richly illustrated with examples from a number of languages and explains parts and phenomena principal to the character of human language.
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Additional info for Categorial Features: A Generative Theory of Word Class Categories
Tagalog roots expressing things, animate beings and actions are nouns when used in isolation, and they become verbs, ‘V-words’, when they undergo Voice afﬁxation. 4 Although it is unclear whether the resulting words are simplex or denominal verbs, I think that processes like Voice afﬁxation make talking about a noun–verb distinction in Tagalog meaningful. Baker (2003, 185–9) follows a very similar path to show that a noun–verb distinction is meaningful in a number of languages, including Tukang Besi – whose behaviour closely resembles that of Tagalog.
In this, we will follow the lead of Langacker (1987) and seek to understand categorial features as setting up different perspectives on concepts. In specifying the interpretive perspectives which [N] and [V] encode, we will capitalize both on insights in Baker (2003) as well as those regarding time stability in the functional–typological literature. Finally, once we take categorial features to encode conceptual content (technically speaking: to be LFinterpretable), then we will be able both to explore their participation in syntactic relations, most notably Agree, and to establish them as the very features that make categorizers, n and v, necessary in frameworks like 22 Theories of grammatical category Distributed Morphology, which do categorization syntactically.
The picture, however, certainly looks elegant, as now it is possible to cross-categorize lexical categories. Having said that, this cross-categorizing cannot become truly signiﬁcant, or even useful, until we resolve the question of what these features, and their values, stand for. To make this clearer, it is very difﬁcult to get the batteries of properties characteristic of nouns and verbs in (4) to result from the system in (5). Following Baker (2003), I agree that this is the main problem with the Amherst feature system: it is a purely taxonomic system that does not predict much.
Categorial Features: A Generative Theory of Word Class Categories by Phoevos Panagiotidis