By Tarshia L. Stanley
Hip Hop literature, often referred to as city fiction or road lit, is one of those writing evocative of the tough realities of lifestyles within the internal urban. starting with seminal works by means of such writers as Donald Goines and Iceberg slender and culminating in modern fiction, autobiography, and poetry, Hip Hop literature is exerting an analogous type of impact as Hip Hop song, type, and tradition. via greater than one hundred eighty alphabetically prepared entries, this encyclopedia surveys the realm of Hip Hop literature and locations it in its social and cultural contexts. Entries cite works for extra examining, and a bibliography concludes the volume.Coverage comprises authors, genres, and works, in addition to at the musical artists, style designers, administrators, and different figures who make up the context of Hip Hop literature. Entries cite works for additional studying, and the encyclopedia concludes with a particular, normal bibliography. scholars in literature periods will worth this advisor to an more and more renowned physique of literature, whereas scholars in social reports sessions will welcome its illumination of yank cultural range.
By Louis W. Liebovich
It's time to revisit Watergate. during this compelling reexamination, Liebovich attracts largely from newly to be had assets, together with lately published Nixon Oval workplace tapes, FBI reviews, and private recollections of cover-up chief John Dean. Liebovich sheds new gentle at the Nixon administration's wide foul play, zeal to conflict and manage the click, scandalous miring, and eventual political shame. After detailing the nation's information media insurance of the Watergate debacle and the consequent breakup of yank politics, Liebovich recounts the scandal's long-lasting, corrosive influence on presidential and renowned politics.
Scholars and scholars of the media and latter-20th-century American political malaise could be provoked and persuaded through Liebovich's argument that a lot of the public's cynicism towards the click, the president, and politics stems from the sour battles-fought within the White condo, at the entrance pages, and on tv screens-between the clicking and Nixon's management. The publication makes a speciality of the struggle opposed to a press perceived as opposed to the President and charts how the nation's significant newspapers and magazines coated the unfolding scandal. Newly published assets exhibit how Nixon and his advisors immersed themselves so deeply in a maze of deception and distrust that none concerned may well extricate themselves, making a political tragedy that haunts us to this day.
By Berard L. Marthaler, Richard E.McCarron, Gregory F. LaNave
This preamble to the revised variation of the hot Catholic Encyclopedia specializes in the preach of Pope John Paul II and on occasions within the final many years of the 20th century. Promising an analogous scholarship and accomplished assurance praised within the NCE, the Jubilee quantity is a registry of individuals and matters that formed the Church within the interval after the second one Vatican Council. Their value lies within the effect they've got had on shaping the way forward for the Church because it crosses the edge from one millennium to the next.
The quantity has detailed elements. the 1st is a chain of interpretative essays that survey advancements and study the foundations that experience made up our minds church coverage within the years of Pope John Paul's hold forth. They hint political and cultural affects that shaped the outlook and values that Karol Wojtyla introduced with him from Poland to Rome and to the realm. all the authors specializes in a selected point: his personalist philosophy, method of theology, social inspiration, implementation of Vatican II, and ecumenical issues. The essays exhibit that his imaginative and prescient and impact go beyond theological concerns and expand way past the institutional Church to easy human rights and kinfolk values, to the humanities and technology, to economics and geopolitics.
The moment a part of the quantity follows the conventional encyclopedia layout in reporting the demanding information that one expects to discover in a reference paintings: dates, position names, information regarding humans, associations, and occasions. an incredible component of this moment half provides thumbnail sketches of thousands of saints and beati declared through John Paul II.
By Paul F Grendler
By Scott Siegel
The single ebook that mixes stars, movies, genres, and heritage into one encyclopedic reference, The Encyclopedia of Hollywood, moment variation offers an authoritative, detailed perception into Americas renowned movie undefined. for the reason that writing the 1st variation of this publication greater than a decade in the past, the authors became famous movie critics, they usually deliver their event, insider wisdom, and particular knowing of Hollywood to every access. completely up to date and revised, the second one variation makes the main of the authors services and gives finished and present assurance of Hollywood.The Encyclopedia of Hollywood, moment variation is a must have connection with the historical past of yankee filmmaking, from its emergence to the current. The entries are pleasing and may attract somebody who has ever noticeable a Hollywood movie and desired to be aware of extra approximately it.
By Cheris Kramarae, Dale Spender
That includes finished worldwide insurance of women's matters and issues, from violence and sexuality to feminist idea, the Routledge foreign Encyclopedia of girls brings the sector into the hot millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania and the center East, the ladies who pioneered the sector from its inception collaborate with the hot students who're shaping the way forward for women's reports to create the hot regular paintings for a person who wishes details on women-related matters. The Routledge overseas Encyclopedia of ladies experiences the of girls around the globe, and offers region-by-region articles on matters reminiscent of feminist activities, women's schooling, spirituality, healthiness care structures and extra. topic components conceal the full diversity of parts important to the sector of women's reviews.
topic parts and chosen Contents: Arts and Literature--Performance paintings; Quilting; girls in pop music... -Business Management--Entrepreneurs; equivalent chance; Networking; Telecommuting... tradition and Communication--Images of girls around the globe; girls as consumers/producers of culture... Ecology and the Environment--Ecological failures; Furs and style; Occupational future health & safety... economic climate and Development--Family salary; Globalization; Maternity depart; Occupational segregation; 3rd World... Education--Assertiveness education; Co-education; women's schooling round the world... healthiness and Sexuality--Depression; consuming problems; health and meals; Midwives; Sexual difference... historical past and Philosophy of Feminism--18th Century feminism; feminism in critical and South the United States, jap Europe and all over the world; Postmodern Feminism... families and households household exertions; felony and non secular traditions in families and households within the Caribbean, center East, and world wide; Lesbian marriage; Sati (Suttee)... Politics and the State--Citizenship; Human rights; id politics; Justice; country-by-country overviews... technology and Technology--Experiments on girls; Feminist tools within the social sciences; Psychoanalysis; medical sexism and racism... Spirituality and Religion--Feminist ethics; Quakers; non secular groups; Wicca; girls within the clergy... Violence and Peace--Infanticide; highway harassment; country-by-country surveys of violence and women... Women's Studies--Lesbian reviews; Men's stories; country-by-country surveys... and lots more and plenty more...
This set is destined to turn into the source of selection within the box of women's stories. absolutely listed and cross-referenced, with a range of helpful reference instruments, together with bibliographies on the finish of all articles.
By Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko
The Encyclopedia of electronic executive deals the main finished insurance of the problems, techniques, tendencies, and applied sciences of electronic executive (or digital government). The demanding situations and destiny customers confronted by way of governments at diversified institutional degrees and in numerous components of the area are defined in specific element during this commanding encyclopedia. With over two hundred exact articles, this two-volume set presents a large foundation for figuring out the problems, theories, and purposes confronted through public administrations and public agencies as they try for more suitable govt by using rising applied sciences. This finished, research-based e-book is a necessary reference device for tutorial, public, and personal libraries.bio- Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko is Professor and Docent within the division of neighborhood experiences, college of Tampere, Finland. He holds Ph.D. (Administrative Sciences) and MPhil (Philosophy) levels, either from the college of Tampere. He has additionally acquired a licentiate measure in social sciences from the collage of Jyvaskyla. he's a member of the Board of administrators of the data Society Institute (ISI) of the collage of Tampere, and of the Advisory Board of DemocrIT programme of Orebro collage, Sweden. he's additionally a member of the Editorial Board of the overseas magazine, digital govt. Anttiroiko has performed and directed numerous learn initiatives, together with the neighborhood Governance within the details Society financed through the Academy of Finland. He has labored as knowledgeable for neighborhood, nearby, nationwide and foreign associations and collaborated with neighborhood govt specialists around the globe. He hasconducted professional paintings in numerous nations. Anttiroiko's educational contributions contain in a nutshell nearly 30 monographs and loads of articles and conference/seminar papers, together with e-Transformation in Governance (IGP 2004), edited through Malkia, Anttiroiko and Savolainen.bio 2 - Matti Mдlkiд is operating as a senior lecturer (Administrative technological know-how and management) on the Police university of Finland, located in Espoo, Finland. prior to relocating to the school he has labored approximately 12 years on the collage of Tampere, division of Administrative technological know-how, in numerous examine and educating positions. Mдlkiд has approximately ninety courses, together with 10 monographs, three edited books and 34 learn articles. almost all these were released within the Finnish language, overlaying quite a few point and subject matters of public management, public agencies and public administration. From 1993-1998 Mдlkiд served first as a co-chair after which as a chair for overseas Social technology Council, Committee on Conceptual and Terminological research (ISSC/COCTA) - a world and interdisciplinary examine application concentrating on conceptual and terminological research and social technology communique. Mдlkiд has equipped a number of nationwide and overseas scholarly meetings, together with CIPA'99 - "Citizens and Public management within the details Age: developing Citizen-Oriented Society for the longer term. Mдlkiд is at present concentrating his study on police management and police administration, together with an software of ICTs during this field.Handbook of analysis on digital Surveys and Measurements"
By Lawrence M. Salinger
With greater than 500 entries (including up to date details on such excessive profile circumstances as Martha Stewart and Enron), the Encyclopedia of White-Collar & company Crime gathers heritage, definitions, examples, research, prosecution, exams, demanding situations, and projections into one definitive reference paintings at the subject. The Encyclopedia of White-Collar & company Crime is edited to include information regarding numerous white-collar crimes, and offers examples of individuals, statutes, businesses, and convictions. each one access bargains an intensive and considerate precis of the subject. instead of an easy definition, clients are given a delightful and complex synopsis with references for additional learn. Articles think of all facets of white-collar and company crime, together with: * legislation: describes particular parts of company legislations and a few of the unlawful acts to which they follow * contributors: short biographical sketches, essentially involved in how they relate to the examine of white-collar crime * occasions: legal occasions contain descriptions of particular instances of white-collar crime, either earlier and present The Encyclopedia was once built essentially for faculty, public, and highschool libraries. Post-graduate teachers, legislation businesses, and companies also will locate this a necessary addition to their libraries.
By Louis Kontos, David C. Brotherton
In 1927 the 1st booklet on gang lifestyles, Frederic Thrasher’s the crowd: A learn of 1,313 Gangs in Chicago, was once released. in basic terms within the final twenty years, as gangs have unfold from the internal towns to the suburbs and past, has the examine of gangs turn into greater than only a specialization in sociology and criminology. For this new encyclopedia, editors and nearly 60 different individuals have written eighty two signed entries exploring gangs and public guidelines and courses designed to deal in a favorable demeanour with the matter of gangs. The alphabetical entries diversity from one-half web page (Non-racist skinheads) to twelve pages (Mexican gangs). phrases in daring variety point out a separate access within the encyclopedia. a listing of references and recommended readings on the finish of every access leads the reader to extra in-depth works. The preface and advent set the degree for the unique review of gangs that follows. An index completes the quantity. The creation highlights 4 components which are lined within the encyclopedia: gang conception, gang practices, gang kinds, and gang growth. Examples of entries on gang idea are Differential organization conception and Subcultural theories of gangs. Gang practices contain such issues as Gang garments, Gang graffiti, and Gang symbols. Gang varieties contain Gangs in U.S. faculties and Gangs in prisons; ethnic gangs (e.g., The Black Hand and Jewish gangs and gangsters); and gender gangs (e.g., The Latin Queens). Gang enlargement is roofed in such entries as Australian early life gangs and Transnational gangs. a listing of entries and a consultant to similar issues precede the alphabetical entries. this primary encyclopedia with regards to gangs certainly provides what the editors meant: an orientation to the topic, a stimulation of interest, and suggestions for additional research of the topic by way of the reader. advised for tutorial and big public libraries. — Kaye Talley