By James B. Stoltman
Stoltman’s topic is the cultural interplay one of the Hopewell interplay Sphere societies of the Ohio Valley quarter and modern peoples of the Southeast. Inferring social and advertisement relationships among disparate groups by way of opting for even if gadgets present in one payment originated there or in different places is a foundational means of archaeology. The approach, despite the fact that, rests at the proficient yet inevitably imperfect visible inspection of gadgets via archaeologists. Petrography drastically amplifies archaeologists’ skill to figure out items’ provenance with better precision and not more guesswork.
utilizing petrography to check an unlimited volume of pottery samples sourced from Hopewell groups, Stoltman is ready for the 1st time to set up which goods are neighborhood, that are neighborhood yet odd, and which originated in other places. one other fascinating chance with petrography is to additional make sure the house resource of gadgets that got here from afar. therefore, combining conventional qualitative thoughts with a wealth of recent quantitative facts, Ceramic Petrography and Hopewell Interaction deals a map of social and alternate relationships between groups inside of and past the Hopewell interplay Sphere with a lot better precision and self assurance than within the past.
Ceramic Petrography and Hopewell Interaction offers a transparent and concise clarification of petrographic equipment, Stoltman’s findings approximately Hopewell and southeastern ceramics in a variety of websites, and the attention-grabbing discovery that visits to Hopewell facilities via southeastern local americans weren't just for alternate reasons yet extra for such reasons as pilgrimages, imaginative and prescient- and power-questing, therapeutic, and the purchase of knowledge.
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Extra info for Ceramic Petrography and Hopewell Interaction
A sampling interval of 1 mm is used. It has proven to be the largest practical interval for most pottery thin sections, yet is small enough to ensure a minimum count of 200 points in most cases. , cracks or flaws), had been reached, whichever came first. In more recent years a minimum of 200 points was always counted, reversing the slide if necessary and counting in the opposite direction in order to reach the 200 points. Experience has shown that by employing the 1-m m counting interval, it is possible to compile simultaneously both volumetric and individual-grain data for pottery thin sections.
Since no sherds assignable to this series were included in the present study, no further references to it shall be made. Formal types within each of the three series are designated by binomial terms, a place name for the prefix, and a surface finish or decorative descriptor for the suffix. The S cioto series is composed of two undecorated types, McGraw Cordmarked (accepting cordmarking as a surface finish, not decoration) and McGraw Plain, that together dominate the ceramic inventory of all Ohio Hopewell sites (Prufer and McKenzie 1965:19–22).
This source of error is defined as the differences between two or more counts of the same sample (Chayes 1956:59–60; Stoltman 1989:152). Counting error may also be viewed as a measure of precision, which “refers to the size of deviations from the mean m obtained by repeated application of the sampling procedure” (Cochran 1963:16). In an effort to evaluate this error source in the point counting procedure used in this study, 25 pottery thin sections were Methodology / 13 point counted 2 times each, with 6 of these counted a third time (Stoltman 1989:153–155).
Ceramic Petrography and Hopewell Interaction by James B. Stoltman