By Bernard K. Means

ISBN-10: 081731573X

ISBN-13: 9780817315733

ISBN-10: 0817354387

ISBN-13: 9780817354381

ISBN-10: 0817380493

ISBN-13: 9780817380496

This e-book bargains a entire research of round village types. among A.D. one thousand and 1635, the population of southwestern Pennsylvania and parts of adjoining states - identified to archaeologists because the Monongahela tradition or culture - started to usually dwell in ring-shaped village settlements. those round settlements consisted of dwellings round a critical plaza. A cross-cultural and cross-temporal evaluate of archaeological, ethnohistorical, and ethnographic instances demonstrates that this payment shape seemed again and again and independently all over the world, together with all through parts of the jap Woodlands, one of the Plains Indians, and in significant and South the United States. particular archaeological instances are drawn from Somerset County, Pennsylvania, which has the biggest variety of thoroughly excavated Monongahela villages. every one of these villages, excavated within the Nineteen Thirties as federal reduction tasks, have been lately dated. complete research of the wide excavations unearths not just the geometric architectural patterning of the villages, yet permits an research of the social groupings, inhabitants estimates, and monetary prestige of citizens that inhabited the round villages. round patterning may be printed at much less totally excavated archaeological websites. targeted try excavations may also help be certain round village plans with out large and harmful excavations.

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Extra info for Circular Villages of the Monongahela Tradition

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As shown below, geometric principles guiding the planning of ring-shaped villages can align to aspects of natural, cultural, and cosmological landscapes. An understanding of how geometric principles can affect village planning must be reached before models can be considered that use a ring-shaped village’s spatial organization to infer aspects of its social organizations. Diametric Models. Lévi-Strauss (1953:528, 1963a) considered how villagewide planning principles that are geometric in nature appear in ring-shaped villages.

Changes in dwelling form can occur when there is a shift in the relationship of individual households or other social groups to the larger economic systems of which they are a part (Lawrence and Low 1990:465). When vernacular structures are made from relatively impermanent materials, such as wood, built environments can be readily modi¤ed and restructured if they no longer accommodate the social, behavioral, or ideological requirements of a community (Deetz 1982; Dore 1996:4; Lawrence and Low 1990:460).

Fuller (1981a, 1981b) distinguished between two types of communities: the nucleated community, in which all of its members live in a single settlement, and the dispersed community, in which multiple settlements comprise a single community. Whether households are part of dispersed or aggregated settlements—or somewhere on a continuum in between—their degree of spatial distance does not necessarily correlate directly to social distance (Adler 2002:29). ’s de¤nition of the community is suf¤ciently broad to encompass the nuances discussed here.

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Circular Villages of the Monongahela Tradition by Bernard K. Means

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