By Adele E. Goldberg
Drawing on paintings in linguistics, language acquisition, and computing device technological know-how, Adele E. Goldberg proposes that grammatical structures play a crucial function within the relation among the shape and that means of straightforward sentences. She demonstrates that the syntactic styles linked to easy sentences are imbued with meaning—that the buildings themselves hold that means independently of the phrases in a sentence.Goldberg presents a entire account of the relation among verbs and structures, providing how you can relate verb and constructional which means, and to seize relatives between buildings and generalizations over structures. Prototypes, body semantics, and metaphor are proven to play the most important roles. moreover, Goldberg provides particular analyses of a number of structures, together with the ditransitive and the resultative buildings, revealing systematic semantic generalizations.Through a comparability with different present techniques to argument constitution phenomena, this e-book narrows the distance among generative and cognitive theories of language.
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Additional resources for Constructions: A Construction Grammar Approach to Argument Structure (Cognitive Theory of Language and Culture Series)
On the present account, we can understand these cases to be a limited extension of the basic sense; we do not need to put them on a par with other ditransitive examples, yet we can still treat them as related to the rest of the ditransitives. However, on an abstractionist account, we have to choose whether to include them as ditransitives or exclude them from the analysis. If we include them , we have no way to account for their marginal status and the special constraints they are subject to. If we exclude them, we fail to capture the obvious similarity they bear to other ditransitives, both in their syntax and in their semantics.
Allow D. Agent acts to cause recipient to receive patient at some future point in time F. Agent intends to cause recipient to receive patient Verbs involved in scenes of creation: bake. make. build. cook. sew, knit, ... Verbs of Obtaining: gel, grab. win. earn .... Verbs of future transfer: leave, bequeath. re, reserve, grant .... / '" A. Central Sense: Agent successfully causes recipient to receive patient Verbs that inherently Signify acts of giving: give. pass. hand. serve,feed, ... Verbs of instantaneous causation of ballistic motion: throw.
What is the nature of constructional meaning? 3. When can a given verb occur in a given construction? Although I have argued that constructions have meaning independently of verbs, it is clearly not the case that the grammar works entirely top-down, with constructions simply imposing their meaning on unsuspecting verbs. In point of fact, there are reasons to think that the analysis must be both top-down and bottom-up. As will be discussed more fully below, the meanings of construc tions and verbs interact in nontrivial ways, and therefore some cross-reference between verbs and argument structures will be necessary.
Constructions: A Construction Grammar Approach to Argument Structure (Cognitive Theory of Language and Culture Series) by Adele E. Goldberg