By Jean Bessière, Gerald Gillespie

ISBN-10: 2875742833

ISBN-13: 9782875742834

This booklet revisits the proposal of worldwide Literature and its functions in Comparative Literature. It indicates the thought now not as a way to sift out foreign paradigms for analyzing literatures, yet as a suite of instructions for the development of interlocking and/or reciprocally illuminating multilingual literary clusters. those ensembles are of very diversified shapes: the area, a zone, a rustic, a language block, a community of cross-cultural «interferences» – whereas the so-called minor literatures invite to question using those ensembles. inside this body, fourteen essays reply to the elemental paradox of worldwide Literature: how may well particular methodological and significant outlooks permit expression of the common? The solutions to this question will be prepared in 3 teams: 1. popularity of the necessity to holiday free from eu or Western severe views; 2. Presentation of macro- and microcosmic dimensions connectedness and its approaches; three. Definitions of the methodological efforts and hermeneutic orientations to be utilized.

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Due to a radicalization oftheory, there occurred during this period a paradigm shift from the aesthetic to 45 The World as Envisioned by World Literature the political. It became acceptable to view literature as an outmoded form of cultural capital belonging to the bourgeoisie. An important stage in this process ofradicalization involved the rejection of the canon of dead white males in favor of the cultural studies model. However, it soon became apparent that dismantling the canon often had less to do with installing a more immediate and less conservative hierarchical format and more to do with establishing a new authority, grounded in ideology and seeking reification by identifying and marketing marginalized populations.

While there is something unsavory about middle class whites speaking for Blacks, Native Americans and Chicanos, those who promote them are no less odious. While there is something inappropriate about diasporic privileged Indians fIfSt muting and then speaking for Indian subalterns or even worse, standing up before a white audience in an elite American university and identi(ying their experience with that of poor American Blacks, what about the institutions that invite them to perfonn? Similarly, there is just something silly about mono lingual World Literature Western or Western-trained scholars packaging the world.

We must also suspect those willing to accept their perfonnance art. The motivations be~ind such acts of masquerade and collaboration are not noble. While there is something unsavory about middle class whites speaking for Blacks, Native Americans and Chicanos, those who promote them are no less odious. While there is something inappropriate about diasporic privileged Indians fIfSt muting and then speaking for Indian subalterns or even worse, standing up before a white audience in an elite American university and identi(ying their experience with that of poor American Blacks, what about the institutions that invite them to perfonn?

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Contextualizing World Literature by Jean Bessière, Gerald Gillespie


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