By Tariq H. Niazi
This learn analyzes strategic and programming concerns bobbing up from the rising deconcentration and decentralization reforms in Cambodia and informs the controversy at the speed and strategic path of those reforms. The learn appears on the evolving criminal and regulatory framework pointing to the gaps and inconsistencies that have to be addressed for a coherent framework through the years. The examine elaborates at the huge solid of advanced, and occasionally competing, associations and the demanding situations of constructing an equitable and obvious intergovernmental financing procedure. comparing the strengths and weaknesses of the government's 10-year nationwide application, the learn indicates a few serious steps for profitable implementation of the reforms, together with the necessity to enhance a transparent reform coverage framework, receive larger coordination between govt businesses and among the govt. and improvement companions, make clear uncertainties within the project of capabilities among degrees of presidency, layout a powerful process on intergovernmental financing, and strengthen capacities to enforce the reforms. The research additionally indicates a few very important issues for ADB programming, together with tips to top help the deconcentration and decentralization reforms on the valuable, subnational, and area degrees.
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Extra resources for Deconcentration and Decentralization Reforms in Cambodia: Recommendations for an Institutional Framework
Line ministries will need support to prepare deconcentration and decentralization plans and policies that develop balanced divisions of responsibilities between them and the different tiers of subnational administrations. There is a strong likelihood that the line ministries will seek to remain centralist, and they may find an ally in the MEF. Development partners and the NCDD will need to address the explicit desire of the central government for control over lucrative development partner projects if acceptable, balanced outcomes are to be achieved.
The MEF, remain deeply centralist in thinking. It remains to be seen if the NCDD will have sufficient strength to force reasonable solutions. Development partners operating at the sector level could use the leverage of program financing to ensure balanced policy outcomes. 10 Institutional Assessment As this chapter suggests, there are many institutional challenges and bottlenecks to deconcentration and decentralization reform. Recent progress has been slow and, given the institutional realities, it is likely that this slow pace will continue.
3). ” The issue is not that the government is unable to devolve certain taxing powers to subnational administrations, but rather that it has chosen not to do so. 5, the Organic Law envisages the enactment of a new law to cover the assignment of tax and nontax revenues to subnational administrations, and this is also the position taken in the draft subnational administration financial management law. It may take significant time to finalize and reach agreement on such a law, and the immediate prospects of any substantial devolution of powers to subnational administrations through such a new law appear low.
Deconcentration and Decentralization Reforms in Cambodia: Recommendations for an Institutional Framework by Tariq H. Niazi