By Janusz Reykowski (auth.), Ervin Staub, Daniel Bar-Tal, Jerzy Karylowski, Janusz Reykowski (eds.)
This e-book used to be encouraged through an intimate, stimulating, intellectually increase ing convention that happened in Poland. in spite of the fact that, the publication isn't a convention document. quite, on the time of the convention, members agreed that it might be useful to create a quantity representing the foreign country of information in professional social habit, and lots of of them agreed to jot down chapters. This quantity is the result. The publication includes chapters by means of impressive researchers and students who've made immense contributions to a couple point of scholarship approximately professional social behavior-helpfulness, generosity, kindness, coopera tion, or different habit that merits humans. The e-book matters itself with how prosocial habit comes approximately and what affects contrib ute to or inhibit it; how prosocial habit, or values and different own features that advertise prosocial habit, enhance; how socializa tion, peer interplay, and different reviews give a contribution to improvement; and with the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral results of re ceiving support. a few chapters without delay, and a couple of them implicitly, difficulty themselves with functions of information approximately prosocial be havior, fairly with the query of the way cooperation and behaviour that advantages people could be promoted. the aim of the booklet is. partially to teach the place the sector stands and what wisdom we've got gathered, and partially to indicate fu ture instructions and increase the sector. it's a actually overseas ebook, with individuals from so much international locations the place study on professional social be havior is being conducted.
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Extra info for Development and Maintenance of Prosocial Behavior: International Perspectives on Positive Morality
Altruism: An examination of the concept and a review of the literature. Psychological Bulletin, 1970, 73, 258-303. Krebs, D. L. Empathy and altruism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1975, 32, 1134-1146. Kruglanski, A. Theory, experiment and the shifting publication scene in personality and social psychology. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1975, 1, 489-492. , & Dabbs, J. M. Sex, group size and helping in three cities. Sociometry, 1975,38, 180-194. , & Darley, J. M. Group inhibition of bystander intervention in emergencies.
HELPING BEHAVIOR: WHAT? 1. ORIGINS OF HELPING BEHAVIOR RESEARCH The emergence of research into helping behavior can be directly traced to a number of theoretical sources: Gouldner's (1960) proposition regarding the prevalence of the universalistic norm of reciprocity; Leads's (1963) suggestion regarding the prescription of the norm of giving; Piaget's (1932) and Kohlberg's (1958, 1969) theorizing about the development of moral judgment; and Aronfreed's (1968) conceptualization of conscience development.
Two theoretical frameworks have been offered to explain why individuals perform helping acts. The first framework, the exchange approach, suggests that the individual's behavior is guided by the principle of maximizing rewards and minimizing costs, in order to obtain the most profitable outcomes in any human interaction. Thus, according to exchange theory, helping behavior is instrumental in acquiring rewards that can take materialistic, social, or even self-reinforcing forms, (see Blau, 1964; Cialdini & Kendrick, 1976; Homans, 1961; Lerner, 1977; R.
Development and Maintenance of Prosocial Behavior: International Perspectives on Positive Morality by Janusz Reykowski (auth.), Ervin Staub, Daniel Bar-Tal, Jerzy Karylowski, Janusz Reykowski (eds.)