By Giovanni Mattarolo
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This quantity comprises many of the invited talks of the 2001 assembly of the forged nation Physics element of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft held from March 26 to 30 in Hamburg, Germany. the themes coated replicate the current actions during this vigorous area of contemporary physics and are hence presupposed to flashlight the cutting-edge in condensed subject physics in Germany within the yr 2001.
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With efficiencies lower than 1%), could find immediate applications in not grid-connected buildings and also as internal heating installations. The market of heating appliances is relatively large: half million of heating units for floor installations are realized every year [Bar] and even at an earlier development stage TPV could reach a significant quote in that market. Combined heat and power units (CHP) The market of CHP units for residential purposes (single- and multi-family housing) is growing rapidly: decentralized cogeneration of power and heat is advantageous economically and more friendly environmentally.
Economical analysis have been carried out and proved that TPV CHP devices for residential and industrial purposes can become a cost efficient technology in the very near future. 15 e kWh−1 and result more convenient than traditional combustion engines or fuel cells [PBD+ 03], [FAH03]. 36 3. MARKET APPLICATIONS AND ECONOMIC ANALYSIS Heat waste recovering TPV has been considered as one of the possible technologies to recover the waste heat from high-temperature industrial processes (iron and steel, ceramic and glass, aluminum alloy and brick sectors).
Fraas reports a radiation to chemical power conversion ratio of 75% for a system able to operate with 8 kW of thermal power [FS+ 01] and of 70% for a recuperative burner unit based on a FLOX burner able to supply 200 kW of thermal power [F+ 02b]. 4. OPTICAL SYSTEM 17 type burner), heating the emitter to incandescence. This is the case of systems having the emitter made of a honeycomb [QH03], foam [BDP+ 04] or mantle ceramic structure [DBvRP03]. 6: TPV burner configurations with premixed flame: (1) and (2) are burners coupled to honeycomb emitter [QH03], (3) shows a tube burner with a mantle emitter [DBvRP03].
Development and Modelling of a Thermophotovoltaic System by Giovanni Mattarolo