By Leslie K. Arnovick
The aim of Diachronic Pragmatics is to exemplify old pragmatics in its twofold experience of constituting either a subject and a strategy. This e-book demonstrates how diachronic pragmatics, with its complementary diachronic function-to-form mapping and diachronic form-to-function mapping, can be utilized to track pragmatic advancements in the English language. via a suite of case reports it explores the evolution of such speech acts as provides, curses, advantages, and greetings and such speech occasions as flyting and sounding. jointly those “illocutionary biographies” appear the workings of numerous very important pragmatic strategies and tendencies: elevated epistemicity, subjectification, and discursization (a distinctive form of pragmaticalization). It additionally establishes the centrality of cultural traditions in diachronic reconstruction, interpreting a variety of de-institutionalizations of extra-linguistic context and their impact on speech act functionality. Taken jointly, the case stories offered in Diachronic Pragmatics spotlight the complicated interactions of formal, semantic, and pragmatic methods over the years. Illustrating the probabilities of ancient pragmatic pursuit, this ebook stands as a call for participation to additional study in a brand new and significant self-discipline.
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Extra resources for Diachronic Pragmatics: Seven Case Studies in English Illocutionary Development
Lord 1960 and Parry 1971). It has been argued, though, that the literary representation of speech retains the essential orality of that speech: dialogue, in essence, provides direct access to orality in a written text (Martin 1989:10). Insofar as the Old English and the African-American vernacular English oral events are spoken and are represented as speech, both contain spoken discourse and can be compared on that basis. The pragmatic study of speech events opens a window on orality regardless of its presentation.
Like sounding, flyting is essentially a dialogic event composed of separate speech acts performed by two adversaries. Statement is followed by counterstatement until the last response terminates the duel. Onlookers to flyting participate as audience, although listeners tend not to replace performers the way they might in sounding. We can begin to analyze this dialogue by concentrating on the individual speeches that are made. A standard flyting sequence observes the form: claim, defense, and counterclaim (Clover 1980: 452).
Personal, individualized statements work best as insults, but they also have the greatest potential to incite violence. Ritualized or formulaic insults are the more customary weapon in the sounding game. The propositional content of ritualized insults differs from that of personalized insults. To satisfy the formula for the former, typically, Accusations are made about the opponent’s committing incest with his sister or mother, passive homosexuality is inferred, cowardice is suggested, taboos related to cleanliness are said to have been broken, and personal defects such as inferiority, stupidity, or crossed eyes are played upon (Foster 1986:216).
Diachronic Pragmatics: Seven Case Studies in English Illocutionary Development by Leslie K. Arnovick