By Damien W. M. Arrigan (ed.)

ISBN-10: 1849738319

ISBN-13: 9781849738316

Electrochemical equipment of chemical research were well-known for a few years, so much particularly the trusty pH electrode and conductivity meter, but in addition within the mass-manufactured glucose attempt strips which position electrochemical measurements into the fingers of non-scientists.

The goal of this quantity is to deal with advances that would allow new dimension recommendations sooner or later. Surveying study and improvement advances according to new tools, fabrics and units that in achieving stronger electroanalytical performances, this assortment encompasses chip-based platforms, via nanodomain methods and smooth interfaces. This ebook is a crucial source for graduate scholars analytical chemists.

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1039/9781782622529-00019 47–49 electrochemical devices. In a broad sense, the lab-on-a-chip concept involves the integration of as many laboratory operations as possible on a single miniaturized device, so as to minimize waste, improve safety and favour portability and automation of instrumentation. Despite this, examples of microelectrode arrays integrated with electronics on the same chip are relatively uncommon,50–55 and the most usual case is to find them separated from the instrumentation.

Windmiller and J. Wang, Analyst, 2013, 138, 5288. 103. A. Economou, Anal. Chim. Acta, 2010, 683, 38–51. ´ and E. H. Hansen, Anal. Chim. Acta, 2012, 750, 3. 104. M. Miro 105. Y. Wang, Z. Liu, J. Tang, G. Yao and X. Hu, Anal. Methods, 2011, 3, 731. 106. Y. Wang, Y. Wu, J. Xie, H. Ge and X. Hu, Analyst, 2013, 138, 5113. 107. A. J. Baca, A. B. De La Ree, F. Zhou and A. Z. Mason, Anal. , 2003, 75, 2507. 108. N. Parthasarathy, M. Pelletier, M. L. Tercier-Waeber and J. Buffle, Electroanalysis, 2001, 13, 1305.

The interaction of biotin with the proteins avidin and streptavidin is among the strongest non-covalent affinities known (Ka ¼ 1015 MÀ1). The binding occurs between the bicyclic ring of biotin and a pocket within each of the four protein sub-units. 5. To allow this interaction, the protein or the bioreceptor should be previously biotinylated. 3 Matrix Entrapment This strategy consists of the encapsulation of bioreceptors within a polymer/ gel matrix. There are two ways to achieve this. 96 Examples of the former are the entrapment of enzymes and antibodies within electrodeposited conducting polymers97 such as polyaniline, PANI, PEDOT, or Prussian blue.

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Electrochemical Strategies in Detection Science by Damien W. M. Arrigan (ed.)

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