By Edward L Queen II, Stephen R Prothero, Gardiner H Shattuck Jr., Fairfax M Cone Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of the History of Modern Christianity Martin E Marty
This encyclopedia outlines the philosophers, personalities, social concerns, and cultural histories of spiritual practices all through American background.
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The godly life could be lived only with others. Conflicts over the nature of that life, however, were such that the harmony desired by the colony’s political elite was never realized. These confl icts emerged early in the colony’s life. The fi rst of these was the so-called A NTINOMIAN C ONTROVERSY. Occasioned by the religious instruction that A NNE HUTCHINSON provided in her home and involving conflicts between the growing merchant class and the colony’s political and religious elite, the Antinomian Controversy was typically Puritan in that it was fought over theology and the role of social harmony in theology.
Small groups, not to mention individuals, could live unmolested. The colonies that did not hinder settlement for religious reasons served as a window for those living in colonies more restrictive of their inhabitants’ religious practices. By the time of the American Revolution, the religious reality of British North America increasingly had begun to resemble a stew in which it was A Short History of Religion in America impossible to isolate and separate the various parts. As much as they might have desired and attempted to enforce uniformity, the magistrates were hindered by the sheer numbers of differing religious groups and the ease with which they could enter a colony.
While one of the leaders of the so-called Radical Reformation, Michael A Short History of Religion in America Servetus, was a Spaniard by birth, he preached and taught mostly in France and then, after his escape from Lyon, in Geneva. There, after having escaped execution in Lyon (where he was burnt in effigy), he was burned in the flesh, executed by the city-state’s Protestant government. Some small Protestant groups were located in Spanish towns, where they were uncovered by the Inquisition and their members executed or imprisoned.
Encyclopedia of American Religious History by Edward L Queen II, Stephen R Prothero, Gardiner H Shattuck Jr., Fairfax M Cone Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of the History of Modern Christianity Martin E Marty