By Frank K. Flinn

The Encyclopedia of global Religions sequence has been designed to supply finished assurance of six significant international spiritual traditions—Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, Roman Catholicism, and Protestant Christianity. The volumes were built in an A-to-Z layout to supply a convenient advisor to the key phrases, suggestions, humans, occasions, and corporations that experience, in each one case, remodeled the faith from its frequently modest beginnings to the worldwide strength that it has become.In growing those encyclopedias, the try has been made to be finished if no longer exhaustive. As area permits, in nearly 800 entries, each one writer has tried to outline and clarify the elemental phrases utilized in speaking concerning the faith, make notice of definitive occasions, introduce the main fashionable figures, and spotlight the foremost enterprises. The insurance is designed to bring about either a convenient reference instrument for the spiritual scholar/specialist and an comprehensible paintings that may be used fruitfully through anyone—a pupil, an educated lay individual, or a reader easily eager to search for a specific individual or idea.The major physique of every encyclopedia is produced from the nearly 800 entries, prepared alphabetically. those entries contain a few two hundred biographical entries masking eligious figures of be aware within the culture, with a unique bias to the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and a few emphasis on leaders from diverse components of the realm. particular cognizance has been given to highlighting lady contributions to the culture, an element usually neglected, as faith in all traditions has until eventually lately been mostly a male-dominated affair.

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Albertus was a skillful diplomat and mediated many conflicts, although he preached the Crusade in Germany. He defended Thomas Aquinas against charges of heresy and assisted at the second Council of Lyons (1274). , Because of his interest in nature, Albertus was long accused of practicing black magic, a charge that delayed his eventual canonization. He wrote on animals, the properties of minerals, the movement of the heavens, and many similar topics. There is a wonderful portrait of him by FRA ANGELICO in the Church of San Marco in Florence.

27:32), points to the many Greek-speaking Jews from Cyrene and Alexandria who visited Jerusalem for religious feasts. Simon, Lucius (Acts 13:1), and possibly Stephen (Acts 6:9) were part of this community through which Christianity was transmitted back to the Greek-speaking Jews of Africa. By the fourth century the temple of Apollo in Cyrene had been transformed into a Christian church. The church expanded rapidly into all regions of coastal North Africa. The many acts of martyrs that occurred there, most notably those narrated in the Passion of Perpetua and Felicity (207), testify to the extensive inroads the church made into the African Roman populations.

Abelard died soon after, reconciled with both church and adversary, but never once recanting his positions, which he believed in true accord with Christian teaching. On the relation of FAITH AND REASON, Bernard won the battle but lost the war. The great medieval theologians followed Abelard’s path. Further reading: Abelard and Heloise, The Letters of Abelard and Heloise, tr. by C. K. Scott Moncrieff (New York: Cooper Square, 1974); Peter Abelard, Christian Theology, tr. by J. Ramsey MaCallum (Oxford: Blackwell, 1948); Henry Adams, Mont St.

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