By Mark D. Pagel
From the vintage paintings of Darwin to present advancements in such fields as psychology and economics, evolutionary biology is an more and more strong software for knowing the flora and fauna. the following in volumes is a complete, obtainable, and authoritative consultant to what we all know approximately evolutionary biology, from the origins of species to the egocentric gene and past.
The Encyclopedia of Evolution covers the necessities of evolutionary biology in 370 unique articles written by means of best specialists. The articles conceal simple innovations and theories; types, equipment, and findings; faculties of notion; present controversies; biographies; and extra.
The Encyclopedia covers evolutionary idea in genetics, animal habit, and each region of the lifestyles sciences, in addition to in anthropology, psychology, linguistics, sociology, economics, medication, philosophy, and different fields. There are hundreds of thousands of tables, charts, grtaphs, maps and different illustrations, bibliographies, cross-references and index.
Designed for college kids and academics in either excessive faculties and faculties and universities, and students and scientists within the ordinary and social sciences, the Encyclopedia of Evolution stands out as the first aspect of entry to this turning out to be physique of data.
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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Evolution
Darwin's theory was a biological theory, but it also had implications for theories of mind and behavior. Ruse, M. The Darwinian Revolution: Science Red in Tooth and Claw. 2d ed. Chicago, 1999. Ruse shows the effects that Darwin's predecessors and contemporaries had on his formulation of evolutionary theory. Secord, J. A. Victorian Sensation. Chicago, 2000. A full explanation of the development and reception of Robert Chambers's Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation. , and P. E. Griffiths.
Increase in complexity, then, depended on the following transitions: 1. From replicating molecules to populations of molecules in "compartments," that is, vesicles or primitive cells 2. From unlinked replicators to chromosomes—strings of replicators linked end to end 3. From RNA as both gene and enzyme to a division of labor between DNA (carrying E-17 (c) 2012 Oxford University Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved. E-18 THE MAJOR T R A N S I T I O N S IN EVOLUTION / John Maynard Smith 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
John Maynard Smith / THE MAJOR T R A N S I T I O N S IN E V O L U T I O N into a protein enzyme with the same function, through the gradual replacement of nucleotides by amino acids. Szathmary has proposed a scenario based on these two points. He suggests that the first step was the binding of a specific amino acid to a ribozyme to act as a "cofactor," increasing enzymatic efficiency, just as various substances bind to existing proteins as cofactors. A stepwise evolution of the code then became possible, while retaining enzymic function: first a number of different amino acid cofactors attached to different ribozymes, then several linked amino acids per ribozyme, and finally replacement of ribozymes by protein enzymes.
Encyclopedia of Evolution by Mark D. Pagel