By Tarshia L. Stanley
Hip Hop literature, often referred to as city fiction or road lit, is one of those writing evocative of the tough realities of lifestyles within the internal urban. starting with seminal works by means of such writers as Donald Goines and Iceberg slender and culminating in modern fiction, autobiography, and poetry, Hip Hop literature is exerting an analogous type of impact as Hip Hop song, type, and tradition. via greater than one hundred eighty alphabetically prepared entries, this encyclopedia surveys the realm of Hip Hop literature and locations it in its social and cultural contexts. Entries cite works for extra examining, and a bibliography concludes the volume.Coverage comprises authors, genres, and works, in addition to at the musical artists, style designers, administrators, and different figures who make up the context of Hip Hop literature. Entries cite works for additional studying, and the encyclopedia concludes with a particular, normal bibliography. scholars in literature periods will worth this advisor to an more and more renowned physique of literature, whereas scholars in social reports sessions will welcome its illumination of yank cultural range.
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This double consciousness, contends scholar Sandra Adell, is the “founding metaphor” of the African American literary tradition. Thus, whether consciously or unconsciously, the black writer in the United States faces a psychic dilemma. Consequently, Du Bois and other theorists and artists who came after him declared that black art must confront this fundamental crisis of African American identity. And, if it is to be relevant, it must address the oppressive social conditions stemming from white supremacy.
The second part of the book places black sexual politics and new racism within the nexus of popular culture. The 1990s marked a signiﬁcant decade in the mass packaging, marketing and commodiﬁcation of Black Popular Culture to all parts of the globe. Black 27 28 BLACK STUDIES, RAP, AND THE ACADEMY femininity and masculinity thus became contested sites for the reconﬁguration of black sexual politics. Complicated further by class implications, notions of black authenticity as being decidedly poor and working class and black respectability as being best manifested through the black middle class took shape through a redeﬁnition of Black gender ideology for the consumption of the masses.
It relies on the media, music, art, and literature to disseminate and showcase the multifaceted experiences of African American life in the United States. The visibility of Black Popular Culture has grown tremendously since the 1970s through print and visual media. However, attempts to portray systematic oppressions of 25 26 BLACK POPULAR CULTURE race, class, gender, and sexual orientation are slow to emerge in mainstream programming. Although no single representative category can adequately speak for all experiences, distinctive characteristics of dress, behavior, and language inform the popular imagination surrounding Black Popular Culture.
Encyclopedia of Hip Hop Literature by Tarshia L. Stanley