By Eric Delson, Visit Amazon's Ian Tattersall Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Ian Tattersall, , John Van Couvering, Alison S. Brooks
Compliment for the 1st version: ''The newest and wide-ranging e ncyclopedia paintings on human evolution available.''--American Reference Books Annual ''For scholar, researcher, and teacher...the so much entire resource of simple details at the subject.''--Nature ''A finished and authoritative resource, filling a special niche...essential to educational libraries...important for big public libraries.'' --Booklist/RBB
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They were unquestionably replaced in Europe by invading waves of modern people (see HOMO SAPIENS; NEANDERTHALS), but the transition from archaic to modern human types in other parts of the world is less clear (see ARCHAIC MODERNS). A special group of entries discusses this topic from various points of view (see MODERN HUMAN ORIGINS). All modern HOMO SAPIENS share a distinctive skull anatomy, but the origin of this physical type remains a mystery. Sub-Saharan AFRICA provides the earliest hints of ARCHAIC MODERNS (more than 100Ka), but in all cases either the fossils are fragmentary or the dating is insecure.
Perhaps the most famous of all extinct forms of human are the NEANDERTHALS, a European and western Asian group known from ca. 200 to 30Ka. It is their western European representatives from the latest part of this period that show the morphological specializations of the Neanderthals in the most marked degree (see also ASIA, WESTERN; EUROPE). These archaic people employed a sophisticated stoneworking tradition known as the MOUSTERIAN, a variety of the MIDDLE PALEOLITHIC, and were the earliest humans to bury their dead with RITUAL practices.
It was necessary, however, to settle upon a single classification for the purposes of organizing this volume. This is presented below. We wish to emphasize that we have not attempted to produce a “definitive” classification but rather the closest thing we could achieve to a “consensus” classification. No one, least of all the editors, will accept all of its details, and indeed some of our contributors inevitably take exception to parts of the classification in their entries; thus, each entry dealing with a family or a subfamily, depending upon the group involved, includes a classification of that group usually, but not always, equivalent to what follows.
Encyclopedia of Human Evolution and Prehistory by Eric Delson, Visit Amazon's Ian Tattersall Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Ian Tattersall, , John Van Couvering, Alison S. Brooks