By Cherie Geiger, Kathleen Carvalho-Knighton
content material: 1. A overview of Environmental functions of Nanoscale and Microscale Reactive steel debris; LABORATORY AND MECHANISTIC reports; 2. Use of Nanoparticles for Degradation of Water Contaminants in Oxidative and Reductive Reactions; three. Small Particle dimension Magnesium in One-pot Grignard-Zerewitinoff-like Reactions below Mechanochemical stipulations: at the Kinetics of Reductive Dechlorination of chronic natural toxins (POPs); four. Proposed Mechanisms for the Dechlorination of PCBs utilizing Microscale Mg/Pd in Methanol; five. PBDE Degradation with Zero-Valent Bimetallic structures; 6. quick Dechlorination of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins through Nanosized and Bimetallic Zerovalent Iron: impression of Palladization and Toxicity swap; 7. Degradation of TNT, RDX, and TATP utilizing Microscale routinely Alloyed Bimetals; eight. Arsenic removing by way of Nano-scale 0 Valent Iron and the way it really is suffering from usual natural subject; nine. Nanostructured Multifunctional fabrics for Environmental Remediation of Chlorinated Hydrocarbons; box SIMULATION stories; 10. Treatability learn for a TCE infected region utilizing Nanoscale- and Microscale-Zerovalent Iron debris: Reactivity and Reactive lifestyles Time; eleven. Electrokinetically better removing and Degradation of Subsurface toxins utilizing Nanosized Pd/Fe Slurry; expertise DEMONSTRATIONS AND box purposes; 12. prestige of nZVI expertise classes discovered from North American and overseas Implementations; thirteen. Iron Nanoparticles for In Situ Groundwater Remediation of Chlorinated natural Solvents in Taiwan; 14. functional functions of Bimetallic Nanoiron debris for Reductive Dehalogenation of Haloorganics: clients and demanding situations; 15. Use of Nanoscale Iron and Bimetallic debris for Environmental Remediation: A evaluate of Field-scale purposes; INDEXES; writer INDEX; topic INDEX
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48. ; Liu, J. Pest Manag. Sci. 2001, 57, 380385 49. ; Einhorn, J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2000, 34, 430437. 50. ; Graham, N. J. D. Chemosphere 2006, 64, 931-936. 51. ; Stanca, S. ; Thampi, K. ; Appl. Catal. BEnviron. 2004, 51, 107-116. 52. Bianchi, C. ; Selli, E. Appl. Catal. B-Environ. 2006, 64, 131-138. 53. McMurray, T. ; Dunlop, P. S. ; Byrne, J. ; J. Photoch. Photobio. A: Chem. 2006, 182, 43-51. 54. ; Graham, N. J. D. Ozone Sci. Eng. 1997, 19, 227-240. 55. ; Graham, N. J. D. Water Res. 2000, 34, 3822-3828.
Analysis of the findings strongly suggested that one-pot, consecutive Grignard-Zerewitinoff-like reactions occur: first, formation of the Grignard intermediates from DCB or MCB, respectively, and then, in a stepwise manner, their protonation to monochlorobenzene or benzene, respectively, by the amine. Furthermore, a rationale is derived for the observed complete reductive dechlorinations to benzene, formed at approximately 100 % yield (mole/mole, based on DCB or MCB). The rate constants for the formation of intermediates 3-chlorophenylmagnesium chloride and phenylmagnesium chloride were calculated.
After Nelkenbaum et al. (34). The two examples described above demonstrate the powerful potential of combining strong reducing agents like nZVI with metalloporphyrins to achieve either faster reactions for the transformation of chloro-organic water pollutants and/or to enable new transformation pathways (such as in the case of the atrazine reaction). Oxidative Degradation Pathways The oxidative degradation pathway uses copper oxide nanoparticles and hydrogen peroxide to mineralize organic compounds.
Environmental Applications of Nanoscale and Microscale Reactive Metal Particles by Cherie Geiger, Kathleen Carvalho-Knighton