By Nikolaus P. Himmelmann
Language documentation is a quickly rising new box in linguistics that's taken with the equipment, instruments and theoretical underpinnings for compiling a consultant and lasting multipurpose list of a common language. This quantity provides in-depth introductions to significant points of language documentation, together with overviews on fieldwork ethics and information processing, instructions for the elemental annotation of digitally-stored multimedia corpora and a dialogue on tips to construct and continue a language archive. It combines theoretical and sensible issues and makes particular feedback for the most typical difficulties encountered in language documentation. Key beneficial properties textbook advent to Language Documentation considers all universal difficulties
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Extra info for Essentials of Language Documentation (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs Tilsm)
There is no chapter on the basics of producing high-quality audio and video recordings. While this topic in part involves a lot of technological aspects which change rather rapidly and thus would in any event not have been included in this book, there is a need to be aware of what defines good recordings. In addition to the book’s website, see the Language Archiving Newsletter and the DoBeS and ELDP websites for relevant pointers and links. – Apart from the kind of mobilization of primary data for language maintenance purposes discussed in Chapter 15, there are also more traditional, but equally important contributions that a language documentation can make to language maintenance efforts.
Ensuring accessibility What good is an electronic archive to native speaker communities, especially if they lack Internet access? In addition to “giving back” tangible research products such as primers, the researcher should find ways to get offline electronic data to the communities. 5. Management of the resources When material is in an archive or a private collection, the question arises as to who represents the annotated data: the community, the researcher, or the archivist? Since it is inevitably some combination of these actors, it is wise to specify decision-making power in advance for the concerned parties.
4. Ethical principles Heritage can never be alienated, surrendered or sold, except for conditional use. Sharing therefore creates a relationship between the givers and receivers of knowledge. The givers retain the authority to ensure that knowledge is used properly and the receivers continue to recognize and repay the gift. (Daes 1993: 9) We can outline the following five fundamental ethical principles for language documentation: 38 Arienne M. Dwyer Principle 1: Do no harm (including unintentional harm) Though inarguable, this maxim requires individuals to specify what “harm” means in the specific local context.
Essentials of Language Documentation (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs Tilsm) by Nikolaus P. Himmelmann