By Mark A. Rees, Patrick C. Livingood, Professor Stephen Williams, Marvin D. Jeter, Douglas C. Wells, Tristram R. Kidder, Malcolm K. Shuman, Richard A. Weinstein, Virgil Roy Beasley III, Lori Roe, Ian W. Brown
Plaquemine, Louisiana, approximately 10 miles south of Baton Rouge at the banks of the Mississippi River, turns out an unassuming southern neighborhood for which to designate a whole tradition. Archaeological study carried out within the area among 1938 and 1941, even if, printed exact cultural fabrics that supplied the foundation for distinguishing a special cultural manifestation within the reduce Mississippi Valley. Plaquemine used to be first stated within the archaeological literature by means of James Ford and Gordon Willey of their 1941 synthesis of japanese U.S. prehistory. decrease Valley researchers have in this case grappled with the place to put this tradition within the neighborhood chronology in accordance with its ceramics, earthen mounds, and habitations. Plaquemine cultural fabrics percentage a few features with different neighborhood cultures yet fluctuate considerably from Coles Creek and Mississippian cultures of the Southeast. Plaquemine has therefore got the doubtful contrast of being outlined by means of the features it lacks, instead of by way of these it possesses. the present quantity brings jointly eleven major students dedicated to laying off new mild on Plaquemine and offering a clearer knowing of its courting to different local American cultures. it's the first significant ebook to in particular handle the archaeology of Plaquemine societies. The authors supply an intensive but targeted assessment of earlier study, contemporary revelations, and instructions for destiny study. They current pertinent new info on cultural variability and connections within the decrease Mississippi Valley and interpret the results for comparable cultures and cultural relationships. This quantity ultimately areas Plaquemine at the map, incontrovertibly demonstrating the accomplishments and significance of Plaquemine peoples within the lengthy heritage of local North the US.
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Plaquemine, Louisiana, approximately 10 miles south of Baton Rouge at the banks of the Mississippi River, turns out an unassuming southern group for which to designate a complete tradition. Archaeological study performed within the zone among 1938 and 1941, besides the fact that, published precise cultural fabrics that supplied the foundation for distinguishing a distinct cultural manifestation within the decrease Mississippi Valley.
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Additional info for Plaquemine Archaeology
These include sherds classi¤ed as Carter Engraved, var. unspeci¤ed, Mazique Incised, var. Preston, and a few sherds of Baytown Plain, var. Addis. The radiocarbon dates from Mound B surface midden and the presence of some Preston phase ceramic markers indicate that Mound B was used during this culturally transitional phase. However, the ceramics from Mound B midden deposits do not resemble a typical Preston phase assemblage (see Kidder 1993a:75–109; Ryan 2004). The ceramic assem- 34 lori roe blage from Mound B is weighted toward the earlier Balmoral phase.
Lori Roe addresses the Coles Creek antecedents of Plaquemine mound construction at the Raffman site. Greater attention to the Coles Creek–Plaquemine transition is particularly warranted in this region, where large mound centers were established during the Coles Creek period (Kidder 1998b:143). Roe argues for strong continuities in ceremony and ideology based on mound and plaza construction, architecture, and reuse. As a result, archaeologists working in the region must turn to Coles Creek rather than Mississippian societies in order to trace the antecedents of Plaquemine sociopolitical organization.
Commonly represented decorative types include Coles Creek Incised, vars. Coles Creek and Mott, Beldeau Incised, var. unspeci¤ed, and French Fork Incised decorative motifs on wares with ¤ne grog tempering. d. 1100– 1200), considered a transitional phase between the Coles Creek and Plaquemine cultures in the Tensas Basin. These include sherds classi¤ed as Carter Engraved, var. unspeci¤ed, Mazique Incised, var. Preston, and a few sherds of Baytown Plain, var. Addis. The radiocarbon dates from Mound B surface midden and the presence of some Preston phase ceramic markers indicate that Mound B was used during this culturally transitional phase.
Plaquemine Archaeology by Mark A. Rees, Patrick C. Livingood, Professor Stephen Williams, Marvin D. Jeter, Douglas C. Wells, Tristram R. Kidder, Malcolm K. Shuman, Richard A. Weinstein, Virgil Roy Beasley III, Lori Roe, Ian W. Brown