By Wolf Leslau.
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1, pp. 623-628. DEMoz, see Abraham Demoz. DevENs, MONICA S. 1981 ''The Amharic simple imperfect", ISS 36, no. 1 , pp. 1 1 5 - 1 22. 1 983 ''The Amharic fi"t order vowel", Ethiopian Stndies, pp. 1 07-1 14. EssEN, Ono, von "Einfache und selllnste Konsonanten in der Sprachweise einer Gewiiln 1967 person fiir das Amharische", AuO 50, pp. 290-303. �'ELLMAN , J. 1 975/6 ''The Amharic consonantal systetn", Abr-Nahrain 1 6, pp. 1 1 3- 1 14. fERGUSON, C. A. 1970 1976 ''The Ethiopian language area" (includes Amharic), JES 8, no.
L. IJ ,.. ). 7. When two identical consonants are in contact, that is, with no vowel be tween them, only one consonant is written, but it is pronounced with gemination: thus, yawiidda/1 ' he loves ', written ,I'. ID-'IA. ; ,.. ) ID" ? manniiw? , m- m�n niiw. 8. Gemination is either a lexical or a morphological feature. Gemination as a lexical feature cannot be predicted. Thus, for instance, 'f'lj may be read wanna meaning 'main, principal' or wana meaning 'swimming ' . A s a morphological feature gemination manifests itself i n the verb but less s o in the noun.
The fonns lhat end in -i are the imperfect, jussive, and imperative, the sin gular 2d person feminine, and the active participle; the fonn that ends in -e is the gerund, 1 st person singular, and the fonn that ends in -iy(a) is the verbal noun. The vowel i following the above-menlioned consonants may either be kept with the palatal or, more usually, be absorbed' . Thus, dJ"(t� wasiig or OJo(l)('. wasiigi 'take ! 'f. kafoli 'open! fl /\ "l b;,tae; 'exceed ! ' from nAm biilliitii; hoi. f. kafoy or hoi.
Reference grammar of Amharic by Wolf Leslau.